by Lindsay Beyerstein
How our blog got its name
Sidney Hillman was a powerful national figure during the Great Depression, a key supporter of the New Deal, and a close ally of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
When the rumor spread that President Roosevelt ordered his party leaders to “clear it with Sidney” before announcing Harry S. Truman as his 1944 running mate, conservative critics turned on the phrase, trumpeting it as proof that the president was under the thumb of “Big Labor.”
Over the years, the phrase lost its sting and became a testament to Hillman's influence.
It's hard to imagine a labor leader wielding that kind clout today, but we like the idea—and we hope Sidney would give thumbs up to our blog.
Clear It With Sidney
Garment workers in Bangladesh, galvanized by a series of deadly accidents and police brutality, are demanding a three-fold increase in their wages:
Workers are demanding an almost threefold increase to their monthly salaries – from the current 3,000 takas ($38) to 8,114 takas ($100). Factory owners recently offered a 20 percent pay rise to employees.
Workers rejected the offer, calling it “inhuman and humiliating.” Employees then resorted to vandalism, blocking major roads, damaging vehicles, hurling stones at factories, and burning furniture taken from nearby buildings.
One worker, Laizu Akhter, also called for the body of a co-worker purported to be missing to be returned to his family, AP reported. “Our major demand from them is to return the dead body. We demand their punishment. Additionally, we demand an increase of our monthly wages,” she said. [AFP]
Strikers closed over 100 factories. Dozens of strikers were injured in clashes with police.
[Photo credit: Rajiv Ashrafi, Creative Commons. Shows a Shabag protest in Bangladesh, not a labor protest.]
Rachel Monroe investigates the crumbling federal public defender system for Al Jazeera America. As Sam Stein reported in his Sidney-winning coverage of sequestration, the federal public defender system is rapidly become a casualty of the across-the-board budget cuts imposed by Congress in the name of deficit reduction. The constitutional rights of defendants are suffering as a result.
[Photo credit: Sal Falko, Creative Commons.]
The Best of the Week's News
- Bruce Raynor and Andy Stern present a five-point plan to envigorate the labor movement.
- "Rational as crackhead" is not a phrase you hear very often, but new research suggests that crack addicts can make rational choices about their next fix.
- Sidney Award-winner Jina Moore on the revolution in maternal health in the Republic of Congo, where deaths in childbirth have fallen by half.
- The earwax of a blue whale is like a time capsule, scientists report.
[Photo credit: Wander Mule, Creative Commons.]
In New York City, more people are punching the clock at work and going home to homeless shelters, the Times reports:
On many days, Alpha Manzueta gets off from one job at 7 a.m., only to start her second at noon. In between she goes to a place she’s called home for the last three years — a homeless shelter.
“I feel stuck,” said Ms. Manzueta, 37, who has a 2 ½-year-old daughter and who, on a recent Wednesday, looked crisp in her security guard uniform, waving traffic away from the curb at Kennedy International Airport. “You try, you try and you try and you’re getting nowhere. I’m still in the shelter.”
Fifty thousand people live in New York City's shelter system. The working residents are predominantly female, working low-wage jobs in security, home health care, and retail. Their plight is a dramatic illustration of the widening gap between wages and rents in New York City.
Rich Yeselson's essay "Fortress Unionism" has generated intense debate about the future of the American labor movement. Yeselson argues that an aggressive organizing strategy is futile as long as the working class remains apathetic. He recommends that unions focus on existing areas of strength until the working class is once again ready to organize en masse.
As longtime International Presidents of national unions, we were moved to respond to Yeselson. Our essay, "Build Bridges, Not Fortresses," appears in the latest issue of Democracy. Labor can't afford to wait for a golden historical moment. Instead, we propose five things unions can do right now to lift more workers into the middle class:
- Invest union pension funds strategically to create jobs
- Advance pro-worker legislation
- Make alliances with willing employers to create union jobs
- Push for reforms to enable unions to provide staffing and other services to corporations without a collective bargaining agreement
- Consider new forms of membership and participation for workers
Let the discussion continue, it matters.
-Bruce Raynor and Andrew L. Stern
[Photo credit: Sunrise over the Golden Gate Bridge, davidyuweb, Creative Commons.]
Remember how that bridge collapsed in Washington State back in May, dumping drivers into the Skagit River, and severing Interstate 5? How many bridges in the United States would you guess are at serious risk of a similar collapse? 7,795, according to a review by the Associated Press, including the Brooklyn Bridge:
An Associated Press analysis of 607,380 bridges in the most recent federal National Bridge Inventory showed that 65,605 were classified as ‘‘structurally deficient’’ and 20,808 as ‘‘fracture critical.’’ Of those, 7,795 were both — a combination of red flags that experts say indicate significant disrepair and similar risk of collapse.
A bridge is deemed fracture critical when it doesn’t have redundant protections and is at risk of collapse if a single, vital component fails. A bridge is structurally deficient when it is in need of rehabilitation or replacement because at least one major component of the span has advanced deterioration or other problems that lead inspectors to deem its condition poor or worse.
Engineers say the bridges are safe. And despite the ominous sounding classifications, officials say that even bridges that are structurally deficient or fracture critical are not about to collapse.
Each day, over 29 million drivers cross bridges that are both fracture critical and structurally deficient. They are found in all 50 states. Many of these bridges have spans with sufficiency ratings less than the Skagit River bridge. A bridge that scores less than 50 out 100 points for sufficiency may be eligible for federal funds for repairs. The AP found 400 bridges with sufficiency rating of less than 10, and "[t]he Brooklyn Bridge was among the worst."
[Photo credit: ravi, Creative Commons.]
The Best of the Week's News:
- All five installments of Reuters' groundbreaking investigation of the unsupervised "re-homing" of unwanted adopted children over the internet are now online.
- Naomi Klein argues that green groups may be doing more harm than good on climate change.
- California is poised to raise its minimum wage from $8 to $10 an hour.
- A New York federal judge has ruled that the strippers Rick's Cabaret in NYC are entitled to minimum wage.
- Labor's misgivings about the Affordable Care Act come to the fore.
[Photo credit: Wander Mule, Creative Commons.]
Hillman Judge Harold Meyerson on the future of the AFL-CIO and Sidney Hillman's legacy of organizing workers whom others considered unorganizable:
During the floor debate yesterday on a resolution expanding the AFL-CIO’s commitment to take the workers excluded from labor law’s protections into its ranks—domestic workers, taxi drivers, day laborers, and the like—one delegate to the union’s quadrennial convention likened the proceedings to the 1935 AFL convention, when a sizable group of unionists wanted the Federation to expand its ranks to include factory workers. The more conservative Federation leaders, including its president, William Green, believed that unions should represent only workers in skilled trades—carpenters, masons, plumbers, and so on. But John L. Lewis of the Mine Workers and Sidney Hillman of the Clothing Workers believed that there were millions of factory workers who would flock to unions if given the chance. [Prospect]
It wasn't all smooth sailing for Sidney:
Lewis and Hillman’s motion to organize factory workers was put to a vote and lost. They were not happy. Indeed, Lewis decked Big Bill Hutchinson, the president of the Carpenters, and stormed out—to form the CIO, a labor organization pledged to organize factory workers and that organized millions of them over the next couple of years.
The AFL-CIO is revisiting many of the same issues the AFL tackled in 1935, when immigrants, workers of color, and women sought to join a predominantly white, male union movement. The good news is that in 2013, the AFL-CIO is welcoming these workers with open arms. The survival of the labor movement demands it.
Sidney would be proud.
[Photo credit: Joseph_a, Creative Commons.]
This month's Sidney winner is Sam Stein of Huffington Post, who is recognized for his dogged coverage of sequestration and its impact on vital federal programs, including the public defender program, health care, scientific research, and educational programs like Head Start.
When Congress was unable to agree on targeted cuts to reduce the deficit by $1.2 trillion, sequestration imposed billions of dollars of across-the-board cuts on the federal government. Sequestration will strip over $100 billion in funding in 2013, and $1.2 by 2021.
Read my interview with Stein on The Backstory.
You can find anything through Yahoo these days, even a free kid. Or, at any rate, you could until Reuters exposed a Yahoo message board where fed up adoptive parents and adoption hopefuls were simply swapping kids amongst themselves with no oversight from social workers or the courts. The board was part of a larger trend known as "rehoming," which is takes its name from pet rescue programs.
Many of the "rehomed" kids are overseas adoptees whose parents don't want them anymore. To learn more about the grim phenomenon of human trafficking in the guise of international adoption, check out Kathryn Joyce's new book, "The Child Catchers: Rescue, Trafficking, and the New Gospel of Adoption."