by Lindsay Beyerstein
How our blog got its name
Sidney Hillman was a powerful national figure during the Great Depression, a key supporter of the New Deal, and a close ally of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
When the rumor spread that President Roosevelt ordered his party leaders to “clear it with Sidney” before announcing Harry S. Truman as his 1944 running mate, conservative critics turned on the phrase, trumpeting it as proof that the president was under the thumb of “Big Labor.”
Over the years, the phrase lost its sting and became a testament to Hillman's influence.
It's hard to imagine a labor leader wielding that kind clout today, but we like the idea—and we hope Sidney would give thumbs up to our blog.
Clear It With Sidney
What is it like to serve on a grand jury? Lots of people are suddenly curious after grand juries in Ferguson, MO and Staten Island, NY failed to indict police officers for killing unarmed black men.
Misha Leptic of 3QuarksDaily recalls his experiences as a grand juror in New York City:
Eventually, in the course of our daily proceedings a curiously adversarial dynamic developed. As a jury, we did our best to establish a solid understanding of what transpired for any given case. But much of it felt like being in Plato's cave. We only saw what the prosecutors and police wanted us to see, and would further guide us, as much as possible, in how to see it. Due to the confidential nature of the proceedings, note-taking was prohibited. And without the counterbalancing presence of a defense counsel, or of the salutary effects of cross-examination, the end result was, more often than not, a shrug of the shoulders and a vote to indict. [3QD]
Leptic concludes that, "[i]f the purpose of the system is to generate indictments, then the system works really well. Hence the well-known quote from chief justice Wachtler about the indictability of ham sandwiches."
If it's that easy for a semi-motivated prosecutor to get an indictment at a low standard of proof in an unopposed proceeding, it really makes you wonder why the police officer who choked Eric Garner walked free and the guy who filmed the attack got indicted on an ostensibly unrelated charge. It's all about priorities.
[Photo credit: Indict! Indict! Indict! Jeffreyw, Creative Commons.]
- Why are so many police killings excluded from FBI statistics?
- ALEC is setting its sights on city governments, reports Sidney-winner Moshe Z. Marvit.
- Where do dictators, and money launderers get the shell companies they need to hide their crimes? From this law firm.
- Distinguished and dedicated New York Times labor reporter Steven Greenhouse is taking a buyout.
[Photo credit: Wander Mule, Creative Commons.]
The history of coal mining is full of disasters and deaths caused by management negligence, but former Massey Energy CEO Don Blankenship is the first U.S. coal executive to face criminal charges for his role in the deaths of miners:
Legal experts call the case against Mr. Blankenship, a figure both feared and renowned for his power in West Virginia, a turning point after a century in which the power of coal barons over politicians, courts and the economy protected them.
“Those responsible for managing mines in a way that caused multiple deaths were never held responsible,” said Patrick McGinley, a law professor at West Virginia University.
“It shocks the conscience.” The Charleston Gazette, a newspaper with a history of reporting on coal’s costs to the state, said simply, “This indictment is momentous.” [NYT]
This could be a watershed moment in labor history.
[Photo credit: Wendy Cooper, Creative Commons.]
Peggy Young, an ex-driver for United Parcel Service, is suing her former employer for placing her on unpaid leave during her pregnancy after her doctor told her that she couldn't lift anything heavy. The Supreme Court will hear her case on Wednesday. UPS has announced that it will institute light duty for pregnant workers starting in January, but this case will determine whether UPS's old rule broke the law. Adam Liptak of the New York Times expects that Young's case will be a much-needed victory for women's rights advocates before the high court, who have suffered setbacks on contraception, abortion, equal pay, and medical leave in recent months.
[Photo credit: Shameless Photography.]
CNN legal analyst Jeff Toobin raises an important question: Why did authorities in Ferguson wait until 8:30pm CST to announce that the grand jury had declined to indict Officer Darren Wilson for the killing of Michael Brown? The grand jury reached a decision around lunchtime and the news went out shortly thereafter. At first, the authorities said that the results would be announced at 4pm local time, but 4pm came and went with no announcement.
It's not like the authorities were caught off-guard. Everyone knew the decision was coming any day, and security preparations were already in place. Missouri Governor Jay Nixon had issued a state of emergency the previous Monday, in anticipation of the grand jury's verdict.
So, what took them so long? Were they hoping to stifle protests by waiting until after dark? If so, that was a dubious decision. Everyone knew there would be protests. However, as Toobin points out, crowd control is more difficult at night.
I would add that waiting until after dark on a freezing November night is more likely to deter families with children and seniors--people who tend to have a moderating effect on protests.
Now, the St. Louis County police chief is basically dismissing all the Ferguson protesters as violent:
“I really don’t have any hesitation in telling you that I didn’t see a lot of peaceful protest out there tonight, and I’m disappointed about that,” Jon Belmar, the St. Louis County police chief, said early Tuesday at a news conference. “I’m not saying there weren’t folks out there that were out there for the right reason — I’m not saying that wasn’t the case — but I am saying that, unfortunately, this spun out of control.” [NYT]
Well, what did he expect? By announcing at night, the authorities created conditions that would specifically suppress turnout by peaceful protesters and provide cover for others intent on committing violence.
Keeping the community waiting for hours for no apparent reason was a provocation in itself.
[Photo credit: Hourglass, Creative Commons.]
Officer Darren Wilson will face no criminal charges for killing Mike Brown, an unarmed black teenager. Authorities announced Monday that a grand jury had declined to criminally indict Wilson. However, as Simone Weichselbaum reports for the Marshall Project, Brown's family might still be able to sue Wilson for damages in civil court.
The Best of the Week's News
- Walmart's Hunger Games: Walmart workers struggle to feed their families, new report finds.
- "The rape accusations against Bill Cosby must not be ignored," writes Hillman Judge Ta-Nehisi Coates.
- Is that a media dangle or are you just happy to see me? FBI agent poses as AP reporter to nab suspect.
- Hackers hijack nanny cams, broadcast sleeping baby footage online.
[Photo credit: Wander Mule, Creative Commons.]
The Daily News reveals that contractors recruited by New York City to build affordable housing owe their own workers millions of dollars in unpaid wages:
Some members of the team helping Mayor de Blasio reach his dream of increasing the supply of affordable apartments in New York have a dirty little secret — an $11.8 million one. That’s how much an elite group of 10 contractors and one developer now building affordable units across the city owed this year to workers cheated out of wages they were supposed to get, a Daily News investigation has found.
The group is building or renovating nearly 2,800 affordable apartments in 37 developments across the city, records obtained under the Freedom of Information Law show. These projects are receiving $41 million in city grants or low-interest loans plus $206 million worth of tax credits. When finished, the apartments they’re building will count toward de Blasio’s oft-stated goal of building or preserving 200,000 affordable units in 10 years — a cornerstone of his administration. [NYDN]
Hat tip to reader Elizabeth, who sent us this story.
Wage violations are rampant in the construction industry, and employers find other ways to cheat employees out of benefits, too. Last month's Sidney-winners exposed the rampant misclassification of construction workers as independent contractors, a practice that denies them benefits and dodges taxes.
[Photo credit: vpickering, Creative Commons.]
The Best of the Week's News:
- WalMart workers stage the first sit-down strike in company history.
- The ex-CEO who presided over the worst mining disaster in 40 years has been indicted for allegedly violating safety regulations and lying to federal inspectors.
- "Women's Abortion Rights Trump Fetal Rights," says Rebecca Traister of the New Republic.
[Photo credit: Wander Mule, Creative Commons.]
This is a powerful recent op/ed from the New York Times about how the civil liberties of pregnant women are being eroded by anti-choice legislation. The authors, Lynn Paltrow and Jeanne Flavin of National Advocates for Pregnant Women, have exhaustively researched cases in which pregnant women have been jailed for suspected suicide attempts, forced to remain in hospital against their will, and even forced to have unwanted c-sections because the state's interest in the fetus was deemed more important than the woman's civil rights.
[Photo credit: JerryLai08, Creative Commons.]